Evaluation of the Polar Code in terms of different environments and different maritime activities in the two polar regions.
at : Sep 23, 2020 14:17:36  (view:75)

Evaluation of the Polar Code in terms of different environments and different maritime activities in the two polar regions.

Meric Karahalil*1 & Burcu Ozsoyb2 

1 Istanbul Technical University, Maritime Faculty, Tuzla, Istanbul Turkey;

2 Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK MAM), Polar Research Institute (KARE), Gebze, Istanbul Turkey

*Corresponding Author e-mail: merickrhll@gmail.com

Abstract: As a result of the sea ice coverage has been decreasing, maritime activities have grown steadily over the years in polar regions, and several issues related to maritime activities have arisen. Therefore, it is essential to understand the challenges because it has serious political, environmental, and economic consequences. Although there are significant geographical and legal differences and types of activities between the Arctic and the Antarctic, there is only one International Maritime Organization Polar Code that covers both regions. First, changes in polar regions are introduced, and differences are discussed. Second, the differences in maritime activities are discussed, and the Polar Code is evaluated in terms of these differences.

Keywords: Polar Regions; sea ice; maritime activities; polar code