The distance from the Great Wall Station (62.2°S, 58.9°W) to Xinxiang (35.3°N, 113.8°E) is 16981 km. The path passes through the polar cap absorption region and the auroral absorption zone, and it is across the equator.
In this paper firstly the effects of short wave communication and usable time blocks and frequency ranges between the Antarctic Great Wall Station and Xinxiang from December 1985 to March 1986 are introduced. The comparison between the usable frequency ranges with the estimated MUF is made. The upper limit of frequency ranges of communication along the short great circle path basically agrees with the MUF but there is difference between them along the long great circle path.
Secondly, the result of the propagation bearings experiment in January to February 1986 is introduced in more detail, The propagation along the great circle path from the Great Wall Station to Xinxiang is the main propagation mode. But the propagation along non great circle paths occurs at times between Great Wall Station and Xinxiang. The non great circle path propagation varies with time because the ionospheric absorption and other conditions which support the non great circle path propagation are the function of the time. So the courses of the non great circle path propagation may be different in the different time. The mechanism of the constructing non great circle path propagation has been analysed. We preliminarily think the main cause of propagation along non great circle path is the ground scatter. The stronger radialization of the side lobes of the antenna and the less absorption of the ionosphere contribute to forming non great circle path propagation.