Vol.30, No.02. 2019
Table of Contents
Foreword for Special Issue: Summertime Ocean and Sea Ice in the Central Arctic
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The International Polar Year (IPY) took place in 2007–2008. During the IPY, the China Program for IPY 2007–2008 was launched and, in 2008 and 2010, Arctic cruises were undertaken. The two cruises explored some marginal seas, including the Bering Sea, the Chukchi Sea, and the Beaufort Sea. However, the focus of the cruises was the central Arctic Ocean, particularly the southern and northern sections of the Canada Basin. The R/V XUE LONG icebreaker reached 85°25′N close to 147°W in 2008, and in 2010 reached 88°26′N close to 170°W. During this second cruise, an onboard helicopter reached the North Pole. Multidisciplinary observations included physical, chemical, biological, and geological oceanography, sea ice physics, atmospheric physics, and chemical analysis. Opportunities to study the central Arctic Ocean are limited; therefore, the data collected during these cruises were invaluable for understanding the rapid changes taking place in the central Arctic.
Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China