ABBOTT K W, GENSCHEL P, SNIDAL, et al. 2015. International organizations as orchestrators. Oxford: Cambridge University Press.
AMANN M, KLIMONT Z, KUPIAINEN K. 2011. Integrated assessment of black carbon and tropospheric ozone. Nariobi: UNEP.
ANDERSON K, BOWS A. 2012. Executing a Scharnow turn: reconciling shipping emissions with international commitments on climate change. Carbon Manag, 3(6): 615-628, doi: 10.4155/cmt.12.63.
AZZARA A, MINJARES R, RUTHERFORD D. 2015. Needs and opportunities to reduce black carbon emissions from maritime shipping. https://www.theicct.org/sites/default/files/publications/ICCT_ black-carbon-maritime-shipping_20150324.pdf.
Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP). 2015. Summary for Policy-makers: Arctic Climate Issues 2015. https://www.amap.no/ documents/doc/summary-for-policy-makers-arctic-climate-issues-2015/1196.
ASSEMBLY. 2003. IMO policies and practices related to the reduction of greenhouse gas emission from ships. http://www.imo.org/blast/blast-DataHelper.asp?data_id=26597&filename=A963(23).pdf.
BAI J Y. 2015. The IMO polar code: the emerging rules of Arctic shipping governance. International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, 30(4): 674-699, doi: 10.1163/15718085-12341376.
BÄCKSTRAND K, KUYPER J W. 2017. The Democratic legitimacy of Orchestration: the UNFCCC, non-state actors, and transnational climate governance. Environmental Politics, 26(4): 764-788, doi: 10.1080/09644016.2017.1323579.
BÄCKSTRAND K, KUYPER JW, LINNÉR B-O, et al. 2017. Non-state actors in global climate governance: from Copenhagen to Paris and beyond. Environmental Politics, 26(4): 561-579, doi:10.1080/09644016. 2017.1327485.
BIERMANN F, ABBOTT K, ANDRESEN S, et al. 2012. Navigating the Anthropocene: improving earth system governance. Science, 335(6074): 1306-1307, doi: 10.1126/science.1217255.
CAVAZOS-GUERRA C, LAUER A, ROSENTHAL E. 2016. Clean air and white ice: governing black carbon emissions affecting the Arctic// KEIL K, KNECHT S. Governing Arctic change. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 231-256.
Conference of Parties. 2017. Draft decision 1/CP.23 Fiji Momentum for implementation. https://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2017/cop23/eng/l13.pdf.
DALSØREN S B, SAMSET B H, MYHRE G, et al. 2013. Environmental impacts of shipping in 2030 with a particular focus on the Arctic region. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(10): 26647-26684, doi: 10.5194/acpd-12-26647-2012.
FRANKER R. 2016. The Paris Agreement and the new logic of international climate politics. International Affairs, 92(5): 1107-1125, doi: 10.1111/1468-2346.12708.
GEHRING T, OBERTHÜR S. 2008. Interplay: Exploring institutional interaction// YOUNG O R, KING L A, SCHROEDER H. Institutions and environmental change: principal findings, applications, and research frontiers. Cambridge: MIT Press, 187-223.
GILLETT N P, STONE D A, STOTT P A, et al. 2008. Attribution of polar warming to human influence. Nature Geoscience, 1(11): 750-754, doi: 10.1038/ngeo338.
HALE T. 2016. “All hands on deck”: The Paris Agreement and nonstate climate action. Global Environmental Politics, 16(3): 12-22, doi: org/10.1162/glep_a_00362.
HOFFMANN M J. 2011. Climate governance at the crossroads. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
HÖHNE N, ELLERMANN C, LI L. 2014. Intended nationally determined contributions under the UNFCCC. https://www.ecofys.com/files/files/ ecofys-giz-2014-intended-nationally-determined-contributions-under-unfccc.pdf.
IMO. 2018. UN body adopts climate change strategy for shipping. http://www.imo.org/en/mediacentre/pressbriefings/pages/06ghginitialstrategy.aspx.
IMO. 2015. Key findings from the Third IMO GHG Study 2014//SMITH T, JALKANEN J, ANDERSON B, et al. Third IMO GHG Study 2014. London: IMO, 1-4.
IMO. 2011. Main events in IMO’s work on limitation and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping. http://www. imo.org/en/OurWork/Environment/PollutionPrevention/AirPollution/
IMO. 2010a. Summary of the proposal submitted by Bahamas to MEPC 60 on Market-Based Instruments: a penalty on trade and development (MEPC 60/4/10). http://www.imo.org/en/OurWork/Environment/Pollution-Prevention/AirPollution/Documents/Summary%20of%20MBM-EG%20proposals.pdf.
IMO. 2010b. Summary of the proposal submitted by Cyprus, Denmark, the Marshall Islands, Nigeria and the International Parcel Tankers Association (IPTA) to MEPC 60 on an International Fund for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from ships (MEPC 60/4/8). http:// www.imo.org/en/OurWork/Environment/PollutionPrevention/AirPollution/Documents/Summary%20of%20MBM-EG%20proposals.pdf
IMO. 2010c. Summary of the proposal submitted by Jamaica to MEPC 60 on achieving reduction in GHG emissions from ships through Port State arrangements (MEPC 60/4/40). http://www.imo.org/en/ OurWork/Environment/PollutionPrevention/AirPollution/Documents/Summary%20of%20MBM-EG%20proposals.pdf.
IMO. 2010d. Summary of the proposal submitted by IUCN to MEPC 60 on a Rebate mechanism for a market-based instrument for international shipping (MEPC 60/4/55). http://www.imo.org/en/OurWork/Environment/ PollutionPrevention/AirPollution/Documents/Summary%20of%20MBM-EG%20proposals.pdf.
IMO. 2010e. Summary of the proposal submitted by Japan to MEPC 60 on Consideration of a market-based mechanism: Leveraged Incentive Scheme to improve the energy efficiency of ships based on the International GHG Fund (MEPC 60/4/37). http://www.imo.org/en/ OurWork/Environment/PollutionPrevention/AirPollution/Documents/
IMO. 2010f. Summary of the submission by World Shipping Council (WSC) to MEPC 60 on a Proposal to Establish a Vessel Efficiency System (VES) (MEPC 60/4/39). http://www.imo.org/en/OurWork/ Environment/PollutionPrevention/AirPollution/Documents/Summary
IMO. 2010g. Summary of the proposal submitted by Norway to MEPC 60 on a Further outline of a Global Emission Trading System (ETS) for international shipping (MEPC 60/4/22). http://www.imo.org/en/Our-Work/Environment/PollutionPrevention/AirPollution/Documents/Summary%20of%20MBM-EG%20proposals.pdf.
IMO. 2010h. Summary of the proposal submitted by United Kingdom to MEPC 60 on a global emissions trading system for GHG emissions from international shipping (MEPC 60/4/26). http://www.imo.org/en/ OurWork/Environment/PollutionPrevention/AirPollution/Documents/
IMO. 2010i. Summary of the proposal submitted by France to MEPC 60 on further elements for the development of an Emissions Trading System for international shipping (MEPC 60/4/41).
IMO. 2010j. Summary of the proposal submitted by Germany to MEPC 60 on Impact Assessment of an Emissions Trading Scheme with a particular view on developing countries (MEPC 60/4/54). http://www. imo.org/en/OurWork/Environment/PollutionPrevention/AirPollution/
IMO. 2010k. Summary of the proposal submitted by the United States to MEPC 60 on further details on the United States proposal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping (MEPC 60/4/12). http://www. imo.org/en/OurWork/Environment/PollutionPrevention/AirPollution/Documents/Summary%20of%20MBM-EG%20proposals.pdf.
IMO. 1998. Focus on IMO: MARPOL-25 years. http://www.imo.org/en/ KnowledgeCentre/ReferencesAndArchives/FocusOnIMO(Archives)/
IPCC. 2013. Summary for Policymakers// STOCKER T F, QIN D, PLATTNER G K, et al. Climate change: The physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, United Kingdom, New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press,1-30.
JEFFRIES M O, RICHTER-MENGE J, OVERLAND J E. 2014. Executive Summary in Arctic Report Card 2014. ftp://ftp.oar.noaa.gov/arctic/ documents/ArcticReportCard_full_report2015.pdf.
KARIM M S. 2015. Reduction of emissions of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) from Ships// KARIM M S. Prevention of pollution of the marine environment from vessels. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 107-126, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-10608-3_4.
KLEIN D, CARAZO M P, DOELLE M, et al. 2017. The Paris Agreement on climate change: analysis and commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
MACEY A. 2018. The atmosphere, the Paris Agreement and global governance. https://ojs.victoria.ac.nz/pq/article/view/4640.
MEPC. 2016. Amendments to the annex of the protocol of 1997 to amend the international convention for the prevention of pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the protocol of 1978 relating thereto amendments to MARPOL Annex VI.
MILES E L, ANDRESEN STEINAR, CARLIN E M. 2002. Patterns of regime effectiveness//MILES E L, et al. Environmental regime effectiveness: confronting theory with evidence. Cambridge: MIT Press, 433-465.
NEJAT P, JOMEHZADEH F, TAHERI M M, et al. 2015. A global review of energy consumption, CO2 emissions and policy in the residential sector (with an overview of the top ten CO2 emitting countries). Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 43: 843-862, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.11.066.
OSTROM E, WALKER J. 2003. Trust and reciprocity interdisciplinary lessons from experimental research. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
OLMER N, COMER B, ROY B, et al. 2017. Greenhouse gas emissions from global shipping 2013-2015. https://www.theicct.org/sites/default/ files/publications/Global-shipping-GHG-emissions-2013-2015_ICCT-Report_17102017_vF.pdf.
PSARAFTIS H N. 2012. Market-based measures for greenhouse gas emissions from ships: a review. WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs, 11(2): 211-232, doi: 10.1007/s13437-012-0030-5.
RAHIM M M, ISLAM M T, KURUPPU S. 2016. Regulating global shipping corporations' accountability for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the seas. Mar Policy, 69: 159-170, doi: 10.1016/ j.marpol.2016.04.018.
RAMANATHAN V, CARMICHAEL G. 2008. Global and regional climate changes due to black carbon. Nature Geoscience, 1(4): 221-227, doi: 10.1038/ngeo156.
RICHTER-MENGE J, OVERLAND J E, MATHIS J T, et al. 2017. Arctic Report Card 2017. http://www.artic.noaa.gov/Report-Card.
SAVARESI A. 2016. The Paris Agreement: a new beginning? http://dx. doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2747629.
SHI Y B. 2016. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping: Is it time to consider market-based measures? Marine Policy, 64: 123-134, doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2015.11.013.
SKOVGAARD J. 2014. European Union’s policy on corporate social responsibility and opportunities for the maritime industry. International Journal of Shipping Transport Logistics, 6(5): 513-530, doi: 10.1504/ijstl.2014.064572.
STUENKEL O. 2013. Gridlock: why global cooperation is failing when we need it most. Brazilian Journal of International Relations, 4(3): 694-699, doi: 10.20424/2237-7743/bjir.v4n3p694-699.
SIEBENHÜNER B, SUPLIE J. 2005. Implementing the access and benefit-sharing provisions of the CBD: A case for institutional learning. Ecological Economy, 53(4): 507-522, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2004. 10.012.
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). 2017. Development in international seaborne trade//BARKI D, DÉLÈZE- BLACK L. Review of Maritime Transport 2017. Switzerland: United Nations, 1-2.
UNFCCC. 2015. Decision 1/CP.21 Adoption of the Paris Agreement Annex article 14(2). https://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2015/cop21/eng/ l09r01.pdf.
UNFCCC.2018. Paris Agreement−Status of ratification. https://unfccc.int/ process/the-paris-agreement/status-of-ratification.
UNDERDAHL A. 2002. Patterns of regime effectiveness// MILES E L, et al. Environmental regime effectiveness. Cambridge: MIT Press, 433-465.
VOIGT C, FERREIRA F. 2016. Differentiation in the Paris Agreement. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2827633.
WINKLER H, BEAUMONT J. 2010. Fair and effective multilateralism in the post-Copenhagen climate negotiations. Climate Policy, 10(6): 638-654, doi: 10.3763/cpol.2010.0130.
YOUNG O R. 2008. Institutions and environmental change: The scientific legacy of a decade of IDGEC research//YOUNG O R，KING L A, SCHROEDER H K. Institutions and environmental change: principal findings, applications, and research frontiers. Cambridge: MIT Press, 3-46.
YOUNG O R.1999. Regime effectiveness: taking stock//Young O R, Gasser Les. The effectiveness of international environmental regimes: causal connections and behavioral mechanisms. Cambridge: MIT Press, 249-280.
ZOU L, HUANG S L, Fu Y. 2014.A comparative study of the administration of the Northwest Passage and the Russian Northern Sea Route. Chin J of Polar Res, 26(4): 515-521, doi: 10.13679/j.jdyj.2014.4.515.
ZHANG H. 2014. Towards global green shipping: the development of international regulations on reduction of GHG emissions from ships. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 16(4): 561-577, doi: 10.1007/s10784-014-9270-5.