Vol.30, No.03. 2019
Table of Contents
Foreword: A review of China’s geological and geophysical research in Antarctica over three decades
Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org ORCID:
A workshop was held in May 2017 at the Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing to review the contribution of the Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition (CHINARE) over 30 years. This was attended by 11 scientists, and the papers presented have resulted in this special issue of Advances in Polar Science (APS) entitled “Advances in Antarctic geoscience based on Chinese research”. This thematic issue of APS brings together a selection of papers from attendees at the workshop, along with two related papers reviewing advances in China’s Antarctic meteorite survey and research, and Antarctic geodetic remote sensing. Another two solicited papers will be presented in subsequent issues of APS. China’s geological and geophysical survey and research in Antarctica over three decades is briefly reviewed below.
Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
An M, Wiens D A, Zhao Y, et al. 2015. S-velocity model and inferred Moho topography beneath the Antarctic Plate from Rayleigh waves. J Geophys Res-Sol Ea, 120(1), 359-383.
Boger S D, Carson C J, Fanning C M, et al. 2002. Pan-African intraplate deformation in the northern Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica. Earth Planet Sc Lett, 195(3-4), 195-210.
Chen T Y. 1986. Geological characteristics of the Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica, and their tectonic significance. Geological Review, 32(3), 300-310 (in Chinese).
Chen T Y, Li G C, Xie L Z, et al. 1995. Geological map of Antarctica (1:5,000,000). Beijing: Geological Publishing House (in Chinese).
Chen T Y, Shen Y B, Zhao Y, et al. 2008. Geological development of Antarctica and evolution of Gondwanaland. Beijing: The Commercial Press (CP) (in Chinese).
Fitzsimons I C W. 2000. Grenville-age basement provinces in East Antarctica: evidence for three separate collisional orogens. Geology, 28: 879-882.
Fitzsimons I C W. 1997. The Brattstrand paragneiss and the Sostrene orthogneiss: a review of Pan-African metamorphism and Grenvilian relics in southern Prydz Bay//Ricci C A. The Antarctic region: geological evolution and processes. Siena: Terra Antartica Publ, 121-130.
Gao L, Zhao Y, Yang Z Y, et al. 2018. New paleomagnetic and 40Ar/39Ar geochronological results for the South Shetland Islands, West Antarctica, and their tectonic implications. J Geophys Res-Sol Ea, 123(1), 4-30.
Harley S L, Snape I, Black L P. 1998. The evolution of a layered metaigneous complex in the Rauer Group, East Antarctica: evidence for a distinct Archaean terrane. Precambrian Res, 89(3-4), 175-205.
Hensen B J, Zhou B. 1995. A Pan-African granulite facies metamorphic episode in Prydz Bay, Antarctica: evidence from Sm-Nd garnet dating. Aust J Earth Sci, 42: 249-258.
Kelsey D E, Wade B P, Collins A S, et al. 2008. Discovery of a Neoproterozoic basin in the Prydz Belt in East Antarctica and its implications for Gondwana assembly and ultrahigh temperature metamorphism. Precambrian Res, 161(3): 355-388.
Liu J, Yue Z, Liu X C, et al. 2011. LA-ICP-MS U-Pb ages and its significance of detrital zircon come from gravel of sedimentary rocks in moraine nearby Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica. Acta Geologica Sinica, 85(10): 1585-1612 (in Chinese).
Liu X C, Hu J M, Zhao Y, et al. 2009a. Late Neoproterozoic/Cambrian high-pressure mafic granulites from the Grove Mountains, East Antarctica: P-T-t path, collisional orogeny and implications for assembly of East Gondwana. Precambrian Res, 174: 181-199. doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2009.07.001.
Liu X C, Zhao Y, Song B, et al. 2009b. SHRIMP U-Pb zircon geochronology of high-grade rocks and charnockites from the eastern Amery Ice Shelf and southwestern Prydz Bay, East Antarctica: constraints on Late Mesoproterozoic to Cambrian tectonothermal events related to supercontinent assembly. Gondwana Res, 16: 342-361.
Liu X C, Jahn B-M, Zhao Y, et al. 2006. Late Pan-African granitoids from the Grove Mountains, East Antarctica: age, origin and tectonic implications. Precambr Res, 145: 131-154.
Liu X C, Jahn B-M, Zhao Y, et al. 2007a. Geochemistry and geochronology of high-grade rocks from the Grove Mountains, East Antarctica: evidence for an Early Neoproterozoic basement metamorphosed during a single Late Neoproterozoic/Cambrian tectonic cycle. Precambr Res, 158: 93-118
Liu X C, Zhao Y, Zhao G C, et al. 2007b. Petrology and geochronology of granulites from the McKaskle Hills, eastern Amery Ice Shelf, Antarctica, and implications for the evolution of the Prydz Belt. J Petrol, 48: 1443-1470.
Liu X H. 1998. Tectono-Metamorphic Events in the Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica//Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration. Advance in the Chinese national Antarctic research. Beijing: China Ocean Press, 176-184 (in Chinese).
Li Z N, Liu X H. 1991. The geological and geochemical evolution of Cenozoic volcanism in central and southern Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, South Shetland Islands. The 6th International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Science (ISAES) (abstract), 9-13 September 1991, Saitama, Japan, 487-491.
Ren L, Zhao Y, Liu X, et al. 1992. Re-examination of the metamorphic evolution of the Larsemann Hill, East Antarctica//Yoshida Y, Kaminuma K, Shiraishi K. Recent progress in Antarctic Earth Science. Tokyo: Terra Scientific Publishing, 145-153.
Shiraishi K, Ellis D J, Hiroi Y, et al. 1994. Cambrian orogenic belt in East Antarctica and Sri Lanka: implications for Gondwana Assembly. J Geol, 102(1): 47-65.
Tong L X, Liu X H, Xu P, et al. 1996. Discovery of sapphirine-bearing hyperthene quartzite in the Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica, and its geological significance. Chinese Sci Bull, 41(13): 1205-1208 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Wang F, Zheng X S, Lee J I, et al. 2009. An 40Ar/ 39Ar geochronology on a mid-Eocene igneous event on the Barton and Weaver peninsulas: Implications for the dynamic setting of the Antarctic Peninsula. Geochem Geophy Geosy, 10(12), Q12006, doi:10.1029/2009GC002874.
Wang Y, Liu D, Chung S L, et al. 2008. SHRIMP zircon constraints from the Larsemann Hills region, Prydz Bay, for a late Mesoproterozoic to early Neoproterozoic tectono-thermal event in the East Antarctica. Am J Sci, 308: 573-617.
Zhang Q S. 1985. Quaternary stratigraphy of Vestfold Hills, Antarctica//Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Selected papers of Antarctic research. Beijing: Science Press, 18~26 (in Chinese).
Zhang S H, Zhao Y, Liu X C, et al. 2012. U-Pb geochronology and geochemistry of the bedrocks and moraine sediments from the Windmill Islands: Implications for Proterozoic evolution of East Antarctica. Precambrian Res, 206: 52-71.
Zhao Y, Liu X C, Fanning C M, et al. 2000. The Grove Mountains, a segment of a Pan-African orogenic belt in East Antarctica. Abstract Volume of 31st International Geological Congress, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Zhao Y, Song B, Wang Y, et al. 1992. Geochronology of the late granite in the Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica//Yoshida Y, Kaminuma K, Shiraishi K. Recent progress in Antarctic Earth Science. Tokyo: Terra Scientific Publishing, 153-169.
Zhao Y, Song B, Wang Y B, et al. 1991. Geochronological study of the metamorphic and igneous rocks of the Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica. Proceedings of the 6th ISAES (Abstracts), Tokyo. National Institute for Polar Research, Japan, 662-663.
Zhao Y, Song B, Zhang Z Q, et al. 1993. The Pan-African thermo-tectonic event in the Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica and its neighborhood region. Sci China (Ser B), 23(9), 1001-1008 (in Chinese).
Zhao Y, Wang W, Liu J, et al. 2017. A Paleoarchaean cratonic nuclei neighboring the Archaean Vestfold Block, East Antarctica: implication for reconstructions of Columbia and Rodinia. GSA Annual Meeting (Abstract).
Zhao Y, Zhang S H, Liu X C, et al. 2007. Sub-glacial geology of Antarctica: a preliminary investigation and results in the Grove Mountains and the Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica and its tectonic implication//Cooper A K, Raymond C R, et al. Antarctica: A keystone in a changing world―Online Proceedings of the 10th ISAES, USGS Open-File Report (Vol. 1047).